Australia Power Plug

Electrical Plug Adapters

There are two essential aspects to take note of. At the first instance, it is important to note that the electrical power specifications may vary from country to country that you are visiting. Not many countries have a electrical power specification as you have at home, and hence you should have the right adapter with you when you travel abroad. Secondly, the kind of wall mounted power outlet sockets in most of the countries, are not usually the ones that you find at home. It is entirely different, and your device power input plug may not fit into that socket at all.

The mains power voltage specifications differ from country to country. For example, the electrical and electronic devices in U.S. Operate on 120 Volts AC, but the United Kingdom has a 220 volts AC outlet, which is different from the one in the United States. Secondly, your device power input plug will never fit the power outlet sockets available in the United Kingdom. Therefore, if you are traveling from home to the United Kingdom, you do not only need an adapter for your device power input plug, but a voltage converter as well, of the type which would convert the 220 Volts AC electrical power output to 110 Volts AC for your device to work properly.

It is recommended that, when-ever you plan your next visit abroad, take a look at the guide of the power outlet specifications available in the country or countries that you are visiting and prepare yourself to carry appropriate electrical accessories for those devices to work properly. There are indeed universal plug adapters available, which will comply with the power out input sockets of many countries, but the need of voltage converters cannot be ignored.

A guide to international electric outlet specification is presented below:

COUNTRY VOLTAGE FREQUENCY.

Afghanistan 220V 50 Hz.

Albania 20V* 50 Hz.

Algeria 230V 50 Hz.

American Samoa 120V 60 Hz.

Andorra 230V 50Hz.

Angola 220V 50 Hz.

Anguilla 110V 60Hz.

Antigua 230V* 60 Hz.

Argentina 220V 50 Hz.

Armenia 220V 50 Hz.

Aruba 127V* 60 Hz
Australia 230V* 50 Hz.

Austria 230V 50 Hz.

Azerbaijan 220V 50 Hz.

Azores 220V* 50 Hz.

Bahamas 120V 60 Hz.

Bahrain 230V* 50 Hz*

Balearic Islands 220V 50 Hz.

Bangladesh 220V 50 Hz.

Barbados 115V 50 Hz.

Belarus 220V 50 Hz.

Belgium 230V 50 Hz.

Belize 110/220V 60 Hz.

Benin 220V 50 Hz.

Bermuda 120V 60 Hz.

Bhutan 230V 50 Hz.

Bolivia 220/230V* 50 Hz.

Bosnia 220V 50 Hz.

Botswana 231V 50 Hz.

Brazil 110/220V* 60 Hz.

Brunei 240V 50 Hz.

Bulgaria 230V 50 Hz.

Burkina Faso 220V 50 Hz.

Burundi 220V 50 Hz.

Cambodia 230V 50 Hz.

Cameroon 220V 50 Hz.

Canada 120V 60 Hz.

Canary Islands 220V 50 Hz.

Cape Verde 220V 50 Hz.

Cayman Islands 120V 60 Hz.

Central African Republic 220V 50 Hz.

Chad 220V 50Hz.

Channel Islands 230V 50 Hz.

Chile 220V 50 Hz.

China, People's Republic of 220V 50 Hz.

Colombia 110V 60Hz.

Comoros 220V 50 Hz.

Congo, People's Rep. Of 230V 50 Hz.

Congo, Dem. Rep. Of (former Zaire) 220V 50 Hz.

Cook Islands 240V 50 Hz.

Costa Rica 120V 60 Hz.

Côte d'Ivoire.

(Ivory Coast) 220V 50 Hz.

Croatia 230V 50Hz.

Cuba 110/220V 60Hz.

Cyprus 240V 50 Hz.

Czech Republic 230V 50 Hz.

Denmark 230V 50 Hz.

Djibouti 220V 50 Hz.

Dominica 230V 50 Hz.

Dominican Republic 110V 60 Hz.

East Timor 220V 50 Hz.

Ecuador 120-127V 60 Hz.

Egypt 220V 50 Hz.

El Salvador 115V 60 Hz.

England (See United Kingdom)

Equatorial Guinea 220V* 50 Hz.

Eritrea 230V 50 Hz.

Estonia 230V 50 Hz.

Ethiopia 220V 50 Hz.

Faeroe Islands 220V 50 Hz.

Falkland Islands 240V 50 Hz.

Fiji 240V 50 Hz.

Finland 230V 50 Hz.

France 230V 50 Hz.

French Guiana 220V 50 Hz.

Gaza 230V 50 Hz.

Gabon 220V 50 Hz.

Gambia 230V 50 Hz.

Germany 230V 50 Hz.

Ghana 230V 50 Hz.

Gibraltar 240V 50 Hz.

Great Britain (See United Kingdom)

Greece 220V 50 Hz.

Greenland 220V 50 Hz.

Grenada (Windward Is.) 230V 50 Hz.

Guadeloupe 230V 50 Hz.

Guam 110V 60Hz.

Guatemala 120V 60 Hz.

Guinea 220V 50 Hz.

Guinea-Bissau 220V 50 Hz.

Guyana 240V* 60 Hz*

Haiti 110V 60 Hz.

Honduras 110V 60 Hz.

Hong Kong 220V* 50 Hz.

Hungary 230V 50 Hz.

Iceland 220V 50 Hz.

India 230V 50 Hz.

Indonesia 127/230V* 50 Hz.

Iran 230V 50 Hz.

Iraq 230V 50 Hz.

Ireland (Eire) 230 50 Hz.

Isle of Man 240V 50 Hz.

Israel 230V 50 Hz.

Italy 230V 50 Hz.

Ivory Coast (See Côte d'Ivoire)

Jamaica 110V 50 Hz.

Japan 100V 50/60 Hz*

Jordan 230V 50 Hz.

Kenya 240V 50 Hz.

Kazakhstan 220V 50 Hz.

Kiribati 240V 50 Hz.

Korea, South 220V 60 Hz.

Kuwait 240V 50 Hz.

Laos 230V 50 Hz.

Latvia 220V 50 Hz.

Lebanon 110/220V 50 Hz.

Lesotho 220V 50 Hz.

Liberia 120V 60 Hz.

Libya 127V* 50 Hz.

Lithuania 220V 50 Hz.

Liechtenstein 230V 50 Hz.

Luxembourg 220V 50 Hz.

Macau 220V 50 Hz.

Macedonia 220V 50 Hz.

Madagascar 220V 50 Hz.

Madeira 220V 50 Hz.

Malawi 230V 50 Hz.

Malaysia 240V 50 Hz.

Maldives 230V 50 Hz.

Mali 220V 50 Hz.

Malta 240V 50 Hz.

Martinique 220V 50 Hz.

Mauritania 220V 50 Hz.

Mauritius 230V 50 Hz.

Mexico 127V 60 Hz.

Micronesia (Federal States of) 120V 60 Hz.

Monaco 127/220V 50 Hz.

Mongolia 230V.

Montserrat (Leeward Is.) 230V 60 Hz.

Morocco 127/220V* 50 Hz.

Mozambique 220V 50 Hz.

Myanmar (formerly Burma) 230V 50 Hz.

Namibia 220V 50 Hz.

Nauru 240V 50 Hz.

Nepal 230V 50 Hz.

Netherlands 230V 50 Hz.

Netherlands Antilles 127/220V* 50 Hz.

New Caledonia 220V 50 Hz.

New Zealand 230V 50 Hz.

Nicaragua 120V 60 Hz.

Niger 220V 50 Hz.

Nigeria 240V 50 Hz.

Northern Ireland (see United Kingdom)

Norway 230V 50 Hz.

Okinawa 100V* 60 Hz.

Oman 240V* 50 Hz.

Pakistan 230V 50 Hz.

Palmyra Atoll 120V 60Hz.

Panama 110V* 60 Hz.

Papua New Guinea 240V 50 Hz.

Paraguay 220V 50 Hz.

Peru 220V* 60 Hz*

Philippines 220V 60 Hz.

Poland 230V 50 Hz.

Portugal 230V 50 Hz.

Puerto Rico 120V 60 Hz.

Qatar 240V 50 Hz.

Réunion Island 220V 50Hz.

Romania 230V 50 Hz.

Russian Federation 220V 50 Hz.

Rwanda 230V 50 Hz.

St. Kitts and Nevis (Leeward Is.) 230V 60 Hz.

St. Lucia (Windward Is.) 240V 50 Hz.

St. Vincent (Windward Is.) 230V 50 Hz.

Saudi Arabia 127/220V 60 Hz.

Scotland (See United Kingdom)

Senegal 230V 50 Hz.

Serbia-Montenegro 220V 50 Hz.

Seychelles 240V 50 Hz.

Sierra Leone 230V 50 Hz.

Singapore 230V 50 Hz.

Slovak Republic 230V 50 Hz.

Slovenia 220V 50 Hz.

Somalia 220V* 50 Hz.

South Africa 220/230V* 50 Hz.

Spain 230V 50 Hz.

Sri Lanka 230V 50 Hz.

Sudan 230V 50 Hz.

Suriname 127V 60 Hz.

Swaziland 230V 50 Hz.

Sweden 230V 50 Hz.

Switzerland 230V 50 Hz.

Syria 220V 50 Hz.

Tahiti 110/220V 60 Hz.

Tajikistan 220V 50 Hz.

Taiwan 110V 60 Hz.

Tanzania 230V 50 Hz.

Thailand 220V 50 Hz.

Togo 220V* 50 Hz.

Tonga 240V 50 Hz.

Trinidad & Tobago 115V 60 Hz.

Tunisia 230V 50 Hz.

Turkey 230V 50 Hz.

Turkmenistan 220V 50 Hz.

Uganda 240V 50 Hz.

Ukraine 220V 50 Hz.

United Arab Emirates 220V* 50 Hz.

United Kingdom 230V* 50 Hz.

United States of America 120V 60 Hz.

Uruguay 220V 50 Hz.

Uzbekistan 220V 50 Hz.

Vanuatu 230V 50 Hz.

Venezuela 120V 60 Hz.

Vietnam 127/220V* 50 Hz.

Virgin Islands (British and U.S.) 115V 60 Hz.

Wales (See United Kingdom)

Western Samoa 230V 50 Hz.

Yemen, Rep. Of 220/230V 50 Hz.

Yugoslavia (Former) 220V 50 Hz.

Zambia 230V 50 Hz.

Zimbabwe 220V 50 Hz.

Primary sources: Electric Current Abroad (1998 edition), U.S. Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service; World Electricity Supplies and Electrical Plugs; an International Survey, (both 1993), British Standards Institute. Additionally, since this table was first posted in late 1995, numerous revisions have (and continue to be) made as a result of personal observations or reports from other travelers.

For further references please visit Http://www.mindlogic.com/VOLT_ADPT.shtml

Now, it is not the question of having the right adapter with you when you visit abroad. You must be also concerned with the electrical power specification that is available in the country of your visit. Looking at the guide above, it is clearly understood that your electrical and electronic devices will require not only plug adapters but also a built-in or separate voltage converter. If you are planning a visit to the United Kingdom, you will need a device which converts the electrical power of 230 Volts Alternating Current (AC) to 110 Volts AC before you can apply that power to your equipment.. These converters need to be of the right specification of providing the right output alternating current and the frequency as well for your equipment to work correctly.

If you need to charge your digital camera in Beijing, you will need an adapter which lets you plug in your charger on the wall socket. That's not all. Beijing has an electrical power output of 220 Volts AC with 50 Hz frequency and your charger can only accept an input voltage of 120 Volts AC and 60Hz. Hz, which is the short form of Hertz, is the number of cycles the alternating voltage goes through one cycle. This AC output voltage is normally a sine-wave, alternating between a positive and a negative level. This is a smooth variation with time as the other variant, and completion of one such cycle in one second is termed as 1Hz. Therefore, a 110 Volt AC of 60 Hz has 60 cycles in one second.

Remaining on the aspect of charging your digital camera in Beijing, you do not only need a plug adapter but also the right voltage converter, which will give you a 120 Volts AC, 60 Hz output from an input of 220 Volts AC of 50 Hz, which is the standard electrical power in China. The converted AC voltage applied to your charger produces a much lower Direct Current (DC) voltage output to your digital camera, for charging the camera's re-chargeable battery. Application of the direct 220 Volts AC output, without a converter will not only destroy the charger unit but may also damage your digital camera, if it is plugged into the charger,

Therefore, when you travel abroad, it is desirable that you check the electrical power specification of the country or countries that you are visiting. At the same time you should determine the plug adapter that you would be wanting. For this purpose you may like to visit Http://www.mindlogic.com/VOLT_ADPT.shtml for more information.

Voltage converters are available in different specifications, which mainly depend upon the purpose of its application. For example, a voltage converter for your digital camera recharging unit will be much smaller than the one you would need to turn on your iron, if you have one with you. The varying sizes of such converters depend upon the kind of alternating current or wattage that you would require to either turn on the charger or the iron. The wattage along with the specification of input and output voltages are generally specified on the body of the converter units that you are buying.

There are adapters available which cater for multi-voltage operation. For example, the adapter itself will give you an option to be switched from 110 Volts AC output to 230 volts AC output. This is done through a toggle, at times appearing as a screw head on the converter body itself. But then again you may need a plug adapter to plug this mini-converter in the electrical power source available in the country that you are visiting. In certain countries the electrical power may have surges. Surges are high frequency levels of very high voltages, suddenly appearing at the output of the power source for a fraction of a millisecond or even micro-second. There are such adapters which are available with surge protection. Please bear in mind, thunderstorms can produce these electrical surges which may damage your equipment.

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Cell phone use overseas. In 99% of the world the local cellular service standard is called GSM. We use this in the states as well. When combined with a SIM CARD (which usually goes under the battery of the phone) the phone is able to communicate and the SIM CARD also holds the telephone number and memory for pre-paid credit. Rates can be extremely low using this system. For example in 99% of all SIM CARDS incoming calls are free and calls to the states can cost a trifle. Such as, from the UK to the USA 7 cents/minute, from Israel 22 cents, from Australia 27 cents. Yes, USA Dollar cents! There are today even prepaid service providers in the USA offering rates of 10 cents per minute to call anywhere in the US to any type of phone. No contracts, no credit card checks, no bills. Pre-paid always means no minimums no contracts, no obligations. You only pay for the calls made. You'll need an unlocked GSM tri-band or quadband UNLOCKED phone. You can buy factory unlocked phones and sim cards for more than 170 or the 193 countries on earth from Http://www.planetomni.com Tel. # 1-877-327-5076 or from outside the USA dial 1-925-686-9945.

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